ISSN 2051-8315
Psychopathology Review
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 Volume 1, Issue 1, 28-50, 2014
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Anxiety in Preadolescent Children: What Happens If We Don't Treat It, and What Happens If We Do?

  Ellin Simon - Open University
  Cathy van der Sluis - University of Amsterdam
  Peter Muris - Maastricht University
  Ellen Thompson - University of Sussex
  Sam Cartwright-Hatton - University of Sussex

Volume 1, Issue 1, 2014, Pages 28-50

In this paper, we review the area of anxiety in children under the age of 11 years. We explore the literature examining the continuity of anxiety symptoms and behavioral inhibition when they appear in children of this age, and show that when these are present, there is a high likelihood of significant anxiety in later childhood, adolescence, and beyond. We then focus on the growing area of treatment research. We show that there are a number of promising new avenues for managing anxiety disorders in this young age group. Many of these interventions involve a key role for parents in the treatment process, but others have demonstrated success employing modified cognitive behavior therapy directed at the child. Limitations to the conclusions, caused by the limited amounts research, small sample sizes and significant methodological difficulties, are discussed.

Table of Contents
Outcomes of Anxiety in Children
 Anxiety-related disorder outcome studies
 Anxiety-related symptom outcome studies
  Mean level analysis studies.
  Trajectory modeling analysis studies.
Treatment of Preadolescent Anxious Children
 CBT (and its derivatives) aimed at parents only.
 CBT treatments (and derivatives) aimed at parents and their children.
  Programmes with most time spent with parents.
  Programmes with most time spent with children.
 Comparing parent-only treatment with parent-child treatment.
 Conclusions on Treatment of Young Anxious Children.
General Conclusions

Correspondence to
Dr Sam Cartwright-Hatton, School of Psychology, Pevensey II, University of Sussex, Brighton, BN1 9QH.

anxiety, childhood, treatment, review

Received 6 Dec 2013; Revised 28 Jan 2014; Accepted 30 Jan 2014; In Press 28 Jul 2014

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