ISSN 2051-8315
Psychopathology Review
      Lost your password ?
 Volume 2, Issue 1, 100-109, 2015
Abstract  E-mail Abstract   Article Purchase as PDF 
Return to Issue List 
The Potential Contribution of the Cognitive-Behavioral Model for the Classification of Emotional Disorders

Authors
  Stefan Hofmann - Boston University, USA

Volume 2, Issue 1, 2015, Pages 100-109
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/pr.035814

Abstract
The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) has been criticized for using arbitrary criteria to define mental disorders based on subjective data. The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative offers an alternative system that also considers biological and behavioral data, but shares the DSM-5’s reliance on the latent disease model. Moreover, neither the DSM-5 nor RDoC provides any concrete treatment guidelines. In contrast, the cognitive behavioral model offers an empirically-based framework for a treatment-relevant classification system by focusing on maintaining rather than initiating factors. In contrast to the latent disease model of the DSM-5 and RDoC, the cognitive-behavioral framework is consistent with a complex causal network system network approach, which assumes that maladaptive cognitions and behaviors settle into a pathological state causing emotional distress. This framework offers concrete treatment implications while avoiding many shortcomings of a latent disease model.

Table of Contents
Introduction
The Need to Classify
DSM vs. RDoC
Latent Disease Model vs. Complex Causal Network System Approach
Initiating vs. Maintaining Factors
The Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to Classification
 Triggers
 Attention
 Trait Cognitions (Maladaptive Schemata and Habitual Affective/Cognitive Styles)
 State Cognitions (Maladaptive Cognitive Processes) and their Consequences
Discussion
Acknowledgements
References

Correspondence to
Dr. Stefan G. Hofmann, Department of Psychology, Boston University, 648 Beacon Street, 6th Floor, Boston, MA

Keywords
DSM-5, Cognitive Behavioral Model, CBT, RDoC, nosology, classification, mental disorders

Dates
Received 2 Feb 2014; Revised 24 Mar 2014; Accepted 25 Mar 2014; In Press 14 Feb 2015







Bookmark and Share

Related articles by AUTHORS
None Found

Related articles by KEYWORDS
Intensive Cognitive-Behavioural Treatment for Specific Phobia in Children and Adolescents
(cbt)

Brief Treatment of Child Social Anxiety Disorder
(cbt)

Latent Factor Structure of DSM-5 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
(dsm-5)

Integrating dimensional assessment and categorical diagnosis in DSM-5: The benefits and challenges of the paradigm shift for the anxiety disorders
(dsm-5)

A Transdiagnostic Temperament-Phenotype Profile Approach to Emotional Disorder Classification: An Update
(dsm-5)

Process and Content of DSM-5
(dsm-5,classification)




© Copyright 2009-2015 Textrum Ltd . All rights reserved. Published in the UK. Advertise | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use