ISSN 2051-8315
Psychopathology Review
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 Volume 2, Issue 1, 100-109, 2015
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The Potential Contribution of the Cognitive-Behavioral Model for the Classification of Emotional Disorders

  Stefan Hofmann - Boston University, USA

Volume 2, Issue 1, 2015, Pages 100-109

The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) has been criticized for using arbitrary criteria to define mental disorders based on subjective data. The Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative offers an alternative system that also considers biological and behavioral data, but shares the DSM-5’s reliance on the latent disease model. Moreover, neither the DSM-5 nor RDoC provides any concrete treatment guidelines. In contrast, the cognitive behavioral model offers an empirically-based framework for a treatment-relevant classification system by focusing on maintaining rather than initiating factors. In contrast to the latent disease model of the DSM-5 and RDoC, the cognitive-behavioral framework is consistent with a complex causal network system network approach, which assumes that maladaptive cognitions and behaviors settle into a pathological state causing emotional distress. This framework offers concrete treatment implications while avoiding many shortcomings of a latent disease model.

Table of Contents
The Need to Classify
DSM vs. RDoC
Latent Disease Model vs. Complex Causal Network System Approach
Initiating vs. Maintaining Factors
The Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to Classification
 Trait Cognitions (Maladaptive Schemata and Habitual Affective/Cognitive Styles)
 State Cognitions (Maladaptive Cognitive Processes) and their Consequences

Correspondence to
Dr. Stefan G. Hofmann, Department of Psychology, Boston University, 648 Beacon Street, 6th Floor, Boston, MA

DSM-5, Cognitive Behavioral Model, CBT, RDoC, nosology, classification, mental disorders

Received 2 Feb 2014; Revised 24 Mar 2014; Accepted 25 Mar 2014; In Press 14 Feb 2015

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