ISSN 2051-8315
Psychopathology Review
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 Volume 4, Issue 3, 244-262, 2017
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Repetitive Negative Thinking in Social Anxiety Disorder 1: Anticipatory Processing

Authors
  Rachel Sluis - Griffith University
  Mark Boschen - Griffith University
  David Neumann - Griffith University
  Karen Murphy - Griffith University

Volume 4, Issue 3, 2017, Pages 244-262
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.045516

Abstract

Cognitive models of social anxiety disorder (SAD) emphasize anticipatory processing as a prominent maintaining factor that occurs before social-evaluative events.  Anticipatory processing occurs when a socially anxious individual is expecting a social event and can be described as a mode of ruminative thought dominated by past failures, negative images of oneself, predictions of poor performance and rejection.  The present review examined the literature on anticipatory processing in social anxiety in an effort to highlight important findings pertaining to this construct.  Correlational and experimental studies have investigated the relationship between anticipatory processing and the behavioural, physiological, cognitive and affective outcomes for socially anxious individuals.  Studies investigating the characteristics, causes, and consequences of anticipatory processing according to models of social anxiety were included for review.  The majority of study designs include those investigating anticipatory processing prior to social-evaluative threat.  Directions for future research are discussed and an overview of a framework for explaining anticipatory processing biases in social anxiety is presented.


Table of Contents
Introduction
Procedure for Systematic Review
Repetitive Negative Thinking
Social Anxiety Disorder
Cognitive-Behavioural Models of Social Anxiety
 Rapee and Heimberg’s (1997) Cognitive-Behavioural Model
 Clark and Wells (1995) Cognitive Model
 Comparison of the Models
Anticipatory Processing and Social Anxiety
 Anticipatory Processing as Disorder-Specific or Transdiagnostic
Consequences of Anticipatory Processing
 Anticipatory Processing and Attentional Bias
 Changes in Anticipatory Processing in Response to Treatment
 Limitations of Existing Evidence in Anticipatory Processing
Cognitive Control and Cognitive Performance
Conclusions and Directions for Future Research
References

Correspondence to
Dr Mark Boschen

Keywords
Social Anxiety Disorder, Social Phobia, Repetitive Negative Thinking, Anticipatory Processing, Attentional Control.

Dates
Received 11 Jan 2016; Revised 26 Apr 2017; Accepted 26 Apr 2017; In Press 22 Jul 2017







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